The 1950s brought to Annapolis, and to many cities across the United States, the new concept of Urban Renewal. The basic premise was that entire city blocks, entire neighborhoods of mostly poor people in older or substandard housing, would be asked to leave and their neighborhoods razed for new and better housing.
Annapolis had already had a taste of this in 1941 with the U.S. Naval Academy taking a neighborhood of 93 households in two city blocks to build an athletic field house. This neighborhood, called Hell Point, was racially and ethnically and economically mixed, with Filipino, African- American, Irish, Italian, and Greek residents.
In 1952 the city acquired and tore down a much smaller community called Gott's Court, an alley community of homes rented by African Americans. This became a municipal parking garage after everyone was displaced and their houses torn down.
This must have been a wake up call for the city's citizens who did not wish to see great holes made in the 18th and 19th century core of the commerical and residential sections.